Below is an article on the first use of pain killer gas in 1846AD; opposed by the clergy.
During this same time period, mid 1800’s, 100 persons were spending long diligent hours creating the document, latter called the James Strong Concordance…another pain removal action. Released to the church more than 100 years ago, it has not been utilized in the manner intended….to relieve the pain, toil, sorrow of religious myths.
And to bring into the light the beautiful stories about creation and the creative processes observed all around.
Why has the James Strong Exhaustive Concordance not been recognized for what it truly is….the revelation of what our pen documented 1845BC to 410BC and then restated 70AD?
To do so would destroy the very foundation on which the bended knee, the closed eyes, the shut ears and the made up minds recite, teach and believe the religious myths. Myths that had abounded long before the Bible was published for common use.
So the Bible, in the closed eye of the clergy, had to support what was already being taught; else there would be no attendees in the Church.
Human hearts and minds know there is so much more than what seems to be in the written words of the Bible. The so much more, stated in a few thousand words, is buried under 750,000 English words. The result is that there are more than 1100 English versions of the Bible; each one trying to find the mystery. Not to mention the thousands of other versions in languages across the planet; all based on the old religious myths.
Not until we dig deep below the religious myths can we ever uncover the original creation stories. The folded hands, shut eyes, closed ears have insisted that it is impossible to understand; due to the language differences.
That simply is not true…over the past 20 years I have been led into a very deep study with only two books, the James Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance (1940 edition) and the King James Bible to which it is keyed. What has evolved is a way to easily understand the scripture.
It is still the same work of a 100 diligent seekers; but put into a format that breaks it down into bite size pieces anyone can use. Those pieces are sweet in the mouth; bitter in the belly. Bitters are the digestive elements that eliminate the religious myths of yesterday.
Still takes time and desire to know; but it is possible; despite the opinion that it is impossible. “All things are possible.” Matthew 19:26 using the JSE….this would mean GIFT (of the) OXHEAD10 plus the CYCLE OF WISDOM = BACK OF THE HEAD = ONE OX (and inside is...) HOUSE10 plus the NAIL. Which of the denominations has ever taught from this perspective?
Which of the folded hands, closed eye, shut ears, minds made up. can hear and understand it today? We can have all of our sister wisdom we desire; but above all else get understanding. Closed eyes, shut ears, folded hands, minds made up CLOSE OUT UNDERSTANDING.
“On October 16, 1846, at Massachusetts General Hospital, Morton administered his gas through an inhaler in the mouth of a young man undergoing the excision of a tumor in his jaw. The patient only muttered to himself in a semi-conscious state during the procedure. The following day, the gas left a woman, undergoing surgery to cut a large tumor from her upper arm, completely silent and motionless. When she woke, she said she had experienced nothing at all.
Four weeks later, on November 18th, Bigelow published his report on the discovery of “insensibility produced by inhalation” in the Boston Medical and Surgical Journal. Morton would not divulge the composition of the gas, which he called Letheon, because he had applied for a patent. But Bigelow reported that he smelled ether in it (ether was used as an ingredient in certain medical preparations), and that seems to have been enough. The idea spread like a contagion, travelling through letters, meetings, and periodicals. By mid-December, surgeons were administering ether to patients in Paris and London. By February, anesthesia had been used in almost all the capitals of Europe, and by June in most regions of the world.
There were forces of resistance, to be sure. Some people criticized anesthesia as a “needless luxury”; clergymen deplored its use to reduce pain during childbirth as a frustration of the Almighty’s designs. James Miller, a nineteenth-century Scottish surgeon who chronicled the advent of anesthesia, observed the opposition of elderly surgeons: “They closed their ears, shut their eyes, and folded their hands. . . . They had quite made up their minds that pain was a necessary evil, and must be endured.” Yet soon even the obstructors, “with a run, mounted behind—hurrahing and shouting with the best.” Within seven years, virtually every hospital in America and Britain had adopted the new discovery.”
I Admit That My Anger was Ignited Today
During a therapy session, the music playing was Native American Drum and Flute combined with what my ears heard was organ music. Churchy, templish, synagogeish music with the Native American drum and flute in the background.
Be angry, but sin not. Don’t miss the mark. So I will express my anger, if the heat is too hot, don’t read this blog.
Before I proceed let me repeat that the beautiful highly trained, highly skilled music of Arvel Bird a Piute, Celtic musician is pure and holy, right and good. A beautiful gift given from a place of deep roots, buried under religious myths that finally found the strength of the sunlightSamson in which to grow and present itself to the world.
My Mothers Day Gift
On this Mother’s Day the gift to myself is this blog about my anger and the mistreatment of the MOTHERS CHILDREN. I have only recently discovered, that it is okay to have anger, to express anger; just not miss the mark in doing so. I knew it intellectually but not at a gut level.
The earth is our Mother, the BOND between itself and us. It is entitled to THE GIFTmatthew OF REPENTANCE.
What I was hearing in that music, was not pure, holy, right and good. It was thievery in its highest form of deception. A religious practice under any banner becomes a habit and unless repented repeats itself like clockwork. Religion simply means repetition and has nothing to do with SPIRIT LIFE.
History of non Repentance
My personal experience is more closly aligned with Christianity than any of the other religions of the world. So I am addressing my remarks from my personal experience and knowledge.
Religious Orders have never repented of being the source of the concept of their supremacy.
Christianity conquered and then destroyed maybe as much as 90% of the native population of the Americas, children of the MOTHER EARTH. 11 million alone died in ONE SILVER MINE under the banner of the cross.
The Church has never repented of its gross violence and neglect in the world. Continues its invasion of every culture on the planet. Sends out billions of missionaries demanding that they, the other, give up their roots and join in the chosen frozen group.
When it was not fashionable to be Jewish, then the Church persuecuted the Jew. The teaching of white supremacy led to a holocaust. The Church never repented of its part in teaching white supremacy the basis of World War 2. How many more world wars are brewing in the depths of religious myths and beliefs?
The white supremacy that we wrote about 1845BC to 70AD was the supremacy of the ICE that encapsulated the MOTHER EARTH, lower limitsegypt. Nothing new under the sun, that same ICY PRIESTHOOD is alive and well in the human form. Setting itself up as the white guard of the prison door.
A few I am sorry, THEY DID THAT is not REPENTANCE. I am sorry I DID THAT is repentance. The arm cannot repent without the feet, the hands, the mouth, the eyes, the ears. There is only one of us ONE UNITED OXHEAD/HUMANITY.
When it became fashionable to be a Jew, the Church set about to make its roots connect to Judasim. To take on the appearance of friendliness without the REPENTANCE. Smile sweetly guard the intentions of the ICE heart to capture and encapsulate into believing religious myths.
Intentionally connecting itself like a blood sucker to the Judaic belief system. For fear of…….(you fill in the blanks).
US Native American History and the Church Today
The church ripped the children from the Native American mother’s breast. Ripped the children away from the Native American fathers protection and guidance. Alienating them from the family suppport of aunts, uncles, brothers, sisters and grandparents. Shipped the children like cattle to far distant strange places. Placed them in houses of strangers and stripped them of their identity.
Then forced the elders to continually move as the WHITE ICE PRIESTHOOD needed more and more and more and more….this is called greed. This is called lust of which there has never been repentance. Which native populations in the world have not been taught about our religion? We must go into their place and TELL THOSE IGNORANT SAVAGES what to believe. After all WHITE ICE is the chosen frozen methodology of teaching poor people who just don’t know the truth.
WHO/WHAT NEEDS TO REPENT ON THIS MOTHERS DAY?
WHO/WHAT NEEDS TO RESTORE THE CHILDREN BACK TO THEIR HERITAGE?
Then this So Called Christian Nation had the audacity to give high honor to last of the tribes to resist. Having broken the tribe apart sending them to concentration camps in Florida and the children to the NE. The chief was pursued and it took 7000 soldiers to finally bind him when betrayed by a brother. This chief was given high honor, even leading the presidential parade; but never allowed to return to the MOTHER LAND his homeland.
DO YOU KNOW THE NAME OF THAT CHIEF? DO YOU KNOW THE CONDITION OF THE NATIVE CHILDREN across the nation on this Mothers Day?
In recent years the so called Christian nation sent tanks, guns, hand grenades, soldiers to one of the poorest tribes in the land, called WOUNDED KNEE.
Not to mention the concentration camps for the Japanese Americans in the name of FEAR? Religion is the basis for fear that causes us to try to control what we have been taught to fear.
Where are the zillions of dollars of profit that came from our writings which were totally distorted? How is it that the WHITE WASHED natives became wards, homeless children of a SO CALLED CHRISTIAN nation? Still live in poverty of every imaginable level?
WHAT HAS THAT MONEY BEEN SPENT ON?
My grandparents attended Evening Star and Morning Star schools and I did not even know that until I was almost 60 years old. The Church made it wrong to be native, think native, so my family roots were buried deep under the myths used to brain wash me.
It was not safe to declare your native roots. Today I find a WHITE SUPREMACY arrogance among the native tribes, who have put on the WHITE GARMENT. Those carefully guard their newly acquired WHITE native roots from being contaminated by those who cannot provide evidences of their true native heritages.
Infections of any kind have a way of spreading. The white ICE was translated into the religious myth as leprosy and those found with it were outcasts. Today it is the WHITE LEPER, the spotted SNOW LEOPARD, that is doing the casting out.
We wrote about the ICE supremacy as the house being destroyedBethuel by the strength of its mother, the Queens house, the house of the sun. We wrote about the priesthood of Icekorah being destroyed under the heat.
For the most part WHITE SUPREMACY RELIGIOUS HABITS, take the word MOTHER and relegate it to some back row position where it is forced to submit to the supreme authority of the male gender. Mother is not even gender. It is the BOND, THE GLUE that holds everything together. How long would the seed exist without the MOTHER BOND?
The seed could not even grow without the destruction of the PRIESTHOOD of WHITE ICE MOUNTAIN.
Forced Submission to White Supremacy
Corporal punishment was used on the relocated children when deemed necessary to get the devil out. Perhaps it is the WHITE SUPREMACY that is devil worship. What we focus on, give our energy to is what grows. Focus on devil and it grows.
Where was the human compassion in any of that? The same place it was in Africa and all the other continents where well meaning, do gooder, missionaries decided they knew better than the native cultures did.
Robbed them of thier souls, brainwashed them into believing what the White Church told them to believe. Taught slavery, used slaves; not just black slaves, but colored slaves of any culture.
The Church managed to strip the Native American of their identiy until the drumbeat of heart ofmother earth was no longer heard in the tribes. And the Native American heart beat was almost stopped under the icy clutches that surrounded it.
The Church persisted until the sound of the flute and even the making of the flute ceased. About 30 years ago two natives were responsible for giving the flute back to the native poplulation.
Today, especially in New Mexico it is quite fashionable to find some connection to Native American roots. Not content with stealing the soul of the children and robbing the Native American of its natural homeland, it is now stealing the culture it could not destroy.
The same way it sneaked underground to find common roots and thus stole the Judaic culture conveniently weaving it into the fabric of Christianity. Not because of inclusion but because of fear. The very tool it used and uses to control the masses.
It is quite fashionable in the Church to align with the roots of Judasim and Native American. Not because of repentance, but because of design to control the NATIVE and fear of not including the JEW.
A word which we penned that means CELEBRATED FROM USING THE OPEN HAND OF POWER. The correct power of an open hand not a closed fist. Not all Jews live up to that meaning as the human condition is alive and well throughout the entire planet, regardless of religious beliefs.
Sweet pious music, prayer for one hour a week does not make a dent in the gross destruction of human dignity, that lays squarely at the foot of the cross of crucifixion.
Not one culture on the face of the planet has escaped the infection of the RELIGIOUS HABIT, which has never repented of its errors. RELIGIOUS HABIT does not recognize itself and therefore does not assume any responsibility.
Not surprising, since the hundreds of denominations that call themselves FOLLOWERS OF CHRIST which means oiled, cannot agree upon anything. No oil, the gears get stuck.
Let alone decide which sect should REPENT of what myth. Which sect should assume responsibility for destruction of the MOTHER EARTH BOND between the children.
Every denomination, every Church cites the scriptures that says REPENT and BE SAVED.
Their ears are deaf to their own admonishments to everyone else out side of their many precious belief systems.
I speak from my own experiences across a broad spectrum of Chrisiainity. Which I considered my parent. A parent that submitted me my siblings and my family to abuse through its teachings. Starting at the age of three, they came and took me to thier classrooms. To which I submitted unto the point of death, as I had promised at the altar before God. Then deliverance came not from a loving CHURCH which still demanded my obedience to the head of the house unto death.
Taught me with words about the unconditional love of God, a male figure with total dominion over me. Then with forked tongue told me what I could and could not do and that depended upon which denomination happened to have me in their clutches at the time. What was acceptable here was not acceptable there.
I lost my father when I was 11 and the only father figure in my life was the punitive, demanding, ever changing requirements of a God that I could never satisfy, no matter what was sacrifriced upon its many altars.
Not content with having buried my heritage and then stealing me away from my Cherokee mothers breast and brain washing me, they insisted upon my death.
When will the holier than thou CHURCH repent? This Nation calls itself Christian, followers of Christ. Tell me one example of where Christ killed, condemned, accused anything or anybody? Tell me one example of where the oil of our lamp/Christ insisted upon anything.
When the Church repents, then will wars begin to cease in the land and the Temple of Peace, translated as Solomon will build the House of Loving, translated as David.
When the FIRSTBORN DIVINE CHILD/HUMANITY takes up its rightful place of PERFECT, changing faster than you can say the word; the therpists will be out of a job.
The MOTHER BOND is a PRIMARY WORD and it is about inclusion. Binding together. We are 99% identical with the elders, plants, animals; but what we have done with the 1% free will expression has not always been the highest and best.
December 3 2012 the Belt of Orion will align over the points of the three pyramids in the Giza. December is the 12th month the ONE UNITED OXHEAD to the power of ten HOUSE this equal an Egyhptian Gomer which means completed and indicates the power of governing.
The oxgoad on one side of the Egyptian gomer COMPLETED and a window on the other side.
A choice is being presented stay with the OLD RULING GOVERNING or see that that is completed and there is a window of opportunity to do something different.
Three above, the stars in the belt of Orion. Superimposed between the stars and the 3 pyramids are the constellations Saturn, Venus and Mercury. Three pyramids below. Four sided (door) above on a foundation, the fifth side, the window side, the Egyptian single eye side is a window between the upper limits and the lower limits, heaven and earth. Translated as upper and lower Egypt.
Three plus three is the NAIL that holds the door open so it becomes a window through which we can fly. If we remember to add the third set of threes we arrive at the cycle of wisdomnine.
Same number as the 12-3-2012 provided we have listened to the wisdom and turned to the next full number ONE UNITED OXHEAD to the power of ten.
Orion is a decan of the bull Taurus, the Red Heifer. We can sacrifice, let go of the governing of yesterday, all of it or not. The ashes reconstituted in water will wash away all death.
As stated many times on this site there are VERY FEW REMEMBEREDMALE WORDS. Something called into a form and this is some of them. They hare helpful in helping t REMEMBERMALE what our pen wrote 1845BC to70AD translated into a book called Bible.
A book that has earned untold zillions of dollars for a religious order that does not even know what the original text said. If it is known, it is not being revealed to the masses being controlled by the religious myths perpetrated for the purpose of control.
The window of time is wide open. Look around at the MOTHER EARTH BOND. That which is holding the offspring to the planet. This is what we have created. What will we create on the OTHER SIDEEBER are the builders of tomorrow. The Egyptians that come across the LITTLEjoktan EARTHQUAKEpeleg will use the STRONG BRIDGE provided on this site. Or not, staying in the OLD DRY WELL, hoping for living water.
For Additional Information Regarding Belt of Orion Alignment
The link below will take you to the research that is pointing to this event that will occur just before dawn on 12-3-12.
Time for the FIRSTBORN DIVINE CHILD/HUMANITY to claim itS rightful birthright.
PEACESOLOMON builders of LOVINGDAVID WILL BRING the GIFTMATTHEW A REWARDNATHAN of PEACESOLOMON that came through the
Egyptian womb of DAUGHTER/MEASUREBATH COMPLETEDSHEBA.
When we begin to hear and see the original meanings instead of the translated words confused by 750,000 English words of today, the LIGHT BRINGERLUKE will reveal TRUTH to us. Then our ears will have HEARINGSIMEON ATTACHEDLEVI to a good report.
We will understand the WISDOM of sixnail, sixnail, sixnail the cycle of wisdomnine.
No more sacrifices of the MOTHER BOND EARTH’S CHILDREN.
May HAPPY MOTHERS DAY NEVER CEASE. Joy is the strength of the seed.
Old Testament Primary Words
What what translated as number nine actually means “turn to next full number” or stay in the old cycle expecting a different outcome. Today we would call that crazy making.
Nine the serpent cycle of wisdom is a rememberedmale word. There are no rememberedmale words in the cycle of wisdom. Only neutral and puncturedfemale words.
Wisdom always comes when we listen to it. Turn to the next full number ONE UNITED OXHEAD to the power of ten.
Wisdom shows us that there is no gender and there is no plurality in our original writings 1845BC to70AD. Those concepts have caused the Tower of Babel, Confusion of Languages, to grow higher with each passing year.
When we apply Egyptian math Will Add to the serpent cycle of wisdom, the result is ONE UNITED OXHEAD to the power of ten. Which means “one open hand holding the power”. Always and only there is One United Oxhead.
The slaying of the ox is not a sacrifice of a mortal animal it is the destroying of the old oxhead power and turning to the next fullness of spiritual power. One to ten, the hand, to twenty, the head, to thirty the Gomer which means the three in one to the power of ten is completed.
Today when we say hand we do not think nor do we mean ten. If we continue to use today’s language to understand the unique language of yesterday we are not listening to the serpent cycle of wisdom.
One Oxhead is all there ever was or ever will be. Until we apply the serpent cycle of wisdom and join into ONE UNITED OXHEAD outside of religious, family, national, ethnic, philosophical, etc, etc. divisions, we remain locked into our compartments, like prisoners to our religious habits.
I had the privilege of watching 500 young dancers ages 4 yrs old through high school and enhanced by the local fire department. These 500 represented 7000 students across the state of New Mexico.
They were dancing to the music titled “DANCING IN THE STREETS. Maybe the next generation will inspire us to DANCE IN THE STREETS INSTEAD OF WARRING IN THE STREETS.
On that stage dancers danced across every imaginable division. There was nothing dividing, separating them. Not church nor state. Not color nor creed. Not size or shape. They were joined with the JOY OF DANCE, the strength of JOY is what the scriptures says belongs to us.
If you are premium subscriber can you view the graphic depicting the serpent cycle of wisdom.
- When we understand how these 9 words are the building blocks for other words.
- When we understand each and every word in its original meaning, then we will begin to see the Sweet Little Book of Creation that we wrote 1845BC to 70AD.
- This belongs to the FIRSTBORN DIVING CHILD/HUMANITY.
- It does not belong to any organization, creed, dogma, law that lays claim to it and uses it for chopping up the ONE UNITED OXHEAD into pieces that have no life left in them. We never wrote about sacrificing any living thing.
- There is nothing in those original writings that has not been verified over the thousands of years regarding its contents.
- The contents are strewn across the planet; each religious group emphasizing what they REMEMBER. Their precious chosen parts.
- Each one claiming to have the truth that everyone else is suppose to follow. Each and every one teaching that we are all brothers and yet insisting that the brother is in error.
- The TRUTH and the LIGHT is resident in every living thing, not exclusive to human.
The truth is resident in every single seed that ever sprouted on the planet. Plant, animal, human, rock, water, wind, fire all contain truth, if we can but hear the voices of these gods? Are are our ears so clogged with the religious wax of condemnation of our brother, that we cannot hear. Or do we simply refuse to hear?
When we begin to hear HEARING when we read Simon, Simeon, Shimeon, Simonites, then perhaps our ears will become accustomed to hearing ATTACHED when we see the words Levi, Levites,Levitical. Then ponder why did James Strong tell us to look at Mathew which mean Gift when looking at Levi. And to look at Levi when looking at Matthew?
HEARING ATTACHED to a bad report are instruments of cruelty. Genesis 49:5. The Gift is HEARING ATTACHED to a good report. None of this has anything to do with human persons.
Translated as Joshua, Jehoshuah, Jehoshua, Jesus, Isaiah, Jesaiah, Jeshaiah
Is the neutral HUSBAND of the RebelliousMary (open, punctured) TowerMagdalena then the outcome the outflow must also be EXISTENT OPEN WIDE FREE.
An EXISTENT OPEN WIDE FREE OPEN TOWER flows with the blood, water and spirit without which there is no FIRSTBORN DIVINE CHILD/HUMANITY. Which is also a neutral word.
We cannot understand the neutral word HUSBAND when we are locked into gender based thinking. Nor can we understand the REBELLIOUS TOWER. Let alone the Mistress ship and the Mistress ship Well.
The Old Testament Chaldean towerMigdol was both neutral, going nowhere, doing nothing. The open puncturedfemale form of Migdols is another story.
The New Testament tower is open. There was a REBELLION going on inside, a pregnancy that broke open into the EXISTENT WIDE OPEN FREE.
When we throw away the Old Testament we cannot possibly understand the New Testament. New always comes after the Old, but the Old is the basis, the footing, the foundation, the elder. The same way primitive root words are the basis to form other words.
Where do the primitive roots lie? Lie in the innermost being of the seeds that sprouted across from the Other SideEber of the LittleJoktan EarthquakePeleg and grow in the strength of the SunlightSamson.. Words are symbols and sounds created by the seed that sprouted, the FIRSTBORN DIVINE CHILD/HUMANITY.
None of the above words have a REMEMBERED MALE FORM, because we have not yet REMEMBERED who we always have been the FIRSTBORN DIVINE CHILD/HUMANITY.
Sounds are not exclusive to humans; but humans have forgotten to REMEMBER their own sound and have forgotten to listen to the sounds of the elders. Ears have become deaf to the music of the universe which is described in the Old Testament in the original text.
I raised many different birds, animals, plants for many years. They were my salvation to sanity. I remember after being rescued from the hand of death that I heard the sound of the wild, the free song birds. I was so amazed that I had not heard them for years, closed down into my own inner world to where I had escaped for safety.
Today I enjoy the sound of the birds and have no need to hold anything captive. I have no pets in captivity; although I enjoy meeting them with their owners in the streets of Santa fe.
Dog Capital of the US
I think this is the dog capital of the world. Some say there are so many dogs because they are very grounding. This lines up with the story of the only head the dog head and the OPEN WIDE FREE HEAD that crossed over the DescenderJordan all the other men of war as described in the KJB died.
Perhaps this is the capital because this is the place where two very deep old religious roots lie.
Oldest Public Building in the US is the Inn of the Governors
Established about 1610 by the Spanish long before it was part of the US. The history of the religious Spanish invasion that perpetrated the largest holocaust known to man. Perhaps as much as 90% of the native population was decimated under the Christian Spanish flag. One silver mine alone claimed 11 miilion lives. See the blog corn, silver and gold.
That oldest public building is the source of a deep dark root from which religion of war, sacrifice, death, hell and condemnation continues to grow.
Sitting outside are the captive outcasts of those religious wars trying to sell their precious creative gifts. They are allowed to enter a lottery hoping to find a spot under the alcove of the Inn of the Governors. They, these outcasts are the precious gift that knew how to listen to and respect the elders. These captive children are not in the EXISTENT OPEN WIDE FREE.
Now they sit in the shadow of the Inn as wards of the US government and hope for a place. There is still no room in the Inn for them or any of the other wards of the government, the soldiers who fight under the banner of a Christian nation, No different than fighting under the banner of the Spanish king and queen.
A few blocks away is the other building, the oldest Christian Church in the US.
In between them however is a street originally called Sparks Street; but now known as Alameda.
What sparks have arisen between these two deep seated roots? One only needs to look at history around the globe and the question is easily answered. Where on the globe has the religious conquest, having dominion over other, ever ended? Better question, when will we end it? When will we stop supporting it?
I saw a bumper sticker yesterday which said “LOVE YOUR ENEMY, this intimates not killing them”. How then does the religious community justify war, domestic violence, genocide, suicide by a death sentence called marriage till death regardless; when this scripture is part of the basis on which it claims to stand.
Me thinks the two deep dark roots need to have the axe laid to them per the LIGHT BRINGER COMPLETED CYCLE OF WISDOM translated as Luke 3:9
The roots do not lie in those physical buildings; but in what those buildings symbolize. Those roots stretch back a long time in history. Long before those buildings existed.
Perhaps these two have remained to remind us how roots grow and produce branches, twigs, flowers, fruit and seed that produces its own kind. Perhaps the plaza in front of the Inn of the Governors is there to remind us today. A reminder that we can do things differently; if we understand the Old the New is easier to formulate.
The Old is the elder and it is wise for it has come through history. The New is wise when it listens to the Elder.